Chattarpur Mandir Chattarpur
Chattarpur Mandir Chattarpur:
Chattarpur Temple (Officially: Shri Aadya Katyayani Shakti Peetham) is located in a down town area in south of Delhi - Chattarpur. This is the second largest temple complex in India, and is dedicated to Goddess, Katyayani. It is located at Chattarpur, on the southwestern outskirts of the city of Delhi and is just 4 km (2.5 mi) from Qutub Minar, off Mehrauli-Gurgaon road.
The temple was established in 1974, by Baba
Sant Nagpal ji, who died in 1998. His samadhi shrine lies in the premises of
the Shiv-Gauri Nageshwar Mandir within the temple complex. This temple was
considered as the biggest temple in India and second largest in the world,
before the Akshardham Temple was created in 2005 in Delhi. This temple is
totally constructed from marble and on all the facets there is jaali
(perforated stone or latticed screen) work. It can be classified a vessara
style of architecture.
Shri Adhya Katyani Shakti Peeth Mandir or
Chattarpur Mandir is a Hindu temple dedicated to goddess Katyayani. The temple
is located in South Delhi-Chhatarpur, just 4 km away from Qutub Minar. The
goddess Katyayani, a part of Navadurga, is considered to be the sixth avatar of
goddess Durga. Devotees from all caste and creed are welcomed here.
The Chattarpur was founded by Sant Shree Nagpal
Ji in 1974, which died in 1998. His samadhi shrine lies in the premises of the
Shiv-Gauri Nageshwar Mandir within the temple complex. The temple has been
built in both south and north Indian style of temple architecture. The temple
is constructed totally from marble.
temple complex spread over 70 acres and has over 20 small and large temples
divided in three different complexes. The Temple premises features a Shayan
Kaksha (bed room) of Navadurga where a bed, dressing table and a meeting table with
nine chairs, all made up of pure silver are present. The temple complex also
has other temples dedicated to Lord Ganesha, Lord Rama, Lord Hanuman and Lord
Shiva. The house where Baba Nagpal Ji spent his last few days was recently
converted into a museum and has all the items that were used by him throughout
his lifetime. Devotees attend the Chattarpur Mandir in huge numbers during
Navratri celebrations and have pleasing experience.
The story of this Shaktipeeth is woven
inextricably around the life of its Founder the great Saint Shree Durga-
Charan-anuragi Baba Sant Nagpal, who was so full of humility that in his
lifetime he did not permit his disciples to glorify his name in any manner.
‘Baba’ (to his devotees) was born in Karnataka on the auspicious full-moon day
of the Holi festival in 1981 of Vikram Samvat (corresponding to Tuesday the
10th March. He lost his parents at a very tender age. It was at the time of
cremation of his mother that an unknown lady took the grieving child to the
adjacent Temple of Mother Goddess and told him that SHE was the real universal
Mother who would always remain with him.
Ever since that moment, the Divine Mother gave
him shelter in her own lap. On his part also, it has been an unquestioned
dedication and total surrender to the Divine Mother in thought, word and deed.
For Baba, She was a living reality with who he remained in communication and
never did anything without seeking her permission and blessings.
The entire temple complex spread over 60 acres
(24.3 ha), has over 20 small and large temples divided in three different
complexes. The main deity in the temple is Goddess Katyayani, a part of
Navadurga, the nine forms of Hindu goddess Durga or Shakti, worshipped during
the Navratri celebrations.
A side shrine within the main temple houses a
shrine of Goddess Katyayani (Durga), which opens only during the bi-annual
Navratri season, when thousands of people throng the premises for darshan. One
nearby room has been made as living room with tables and chairs made in silver,
and another regarded as the Shayan Kaksha (Bed Room), where a bed, dressing
table and table are carved in silver. This shrine opens on a large satsang or
prayer hall, where religious discourses and bhajans, (religious songs) are
held. Just at the entrance to the main temple, stand an old tree, where
devotees tie holy threads for wish fulfillment.
Another shrine of Goddess Durga is open to
devotee’s morning to evening; it lies above the shrines dedicated to Radha
Krishna, and Lord Ganesh. Apart from this the complex also has other
temples dedicated to Lord Rama, Lord Ganesha and Lord Shiva. The temples have
been built in both South and North Indian style of temple architecture.
Chattarpur Temple is situated just 4 km from
Qutub Minar, located in the Mehrauli area of New Delhi. The spectacular temple
complex is an architectural gem in itself.The temple complex is spread over a
large area with beautiful lawns and gardens. Though devotees visit these
temples throughout the year, the main attraction comes during the Navaratri
festival, when devotees come from far and near. During this time, there are
special bus services provided to the devotees.
in South Indian style of architecture, the Chattarpur Temple complex in New
Delhi is spread over a large area with manicured lawns and gardens. Though
devotees visit the temple throughout the year, during the Navratri months,
people flock from far and near; special bus services are made available due to
the rush hour. The cluster includes other shrines of Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu,
Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesh. It is said that tying a holy thread or a
bangle on the Kalpavriksha tree (also called Baobab tree/ Adonsonia digitata)
fulfils your wish. You must come after you wish fulfilment to untie the thread or
the bangle. It is believed that tying a thread or bangle on the tree leads to
the fulfillment of the devotee’s wishes.
Shrines in the complex are built from white
marble. Comparatively recent in its construction, it rivals the splendour of
the Mughal architecture of the city. Devotees from all over Delhi come to pay
their homage to the deities in the temple. The main shrine is dedicated to
Goddess Durga and exhibits traits of the temple architecture of South India.
Situated in the capital of India, the Chattarpur Temple is a fine example which
presents Delhi a place that has some spectacular Hindu Temples to its credit.
4-km away from Qutb Minar, stands the flamboyant and rich temples of
Chattarpur. The Gopuram has two storeys separated by a horizontal moulding. The
`Prakara` or the outer wall, envelops the main shrine as well as the other
smaller shrines and the tank.
The Pallavas, the Cholas, the Pandyas, the
Vijayanagar rulers and the Nayaks-all contributed to the southern style of
temples. The Chattarpur Temple has been completely carved out of marbles and
you will not find any other stone used in the construction. Impressionistic of
a modern architecture, the Chattarpur Temple is build entirely out of marble.
It is believed that tying a thread around a tree located inside the temple
premises, will grant the desired wishes of the faithful. The temple is very
richly crafted and has Naqqashi and Jaali work done all over its facets. Though
the principal deity of this temple is goddess Durga, the temple complex has
many temples dedicated to other deities like Lord Shiva, Lord Ganesh and Lord
Ram. The birth of Katyayani is the sixth form of incarnation of Ma Durga and
has an interesting story behind it. At one Ma Durga was born to Sage Katie who
worshipped her and underwent severe penance to be granted the boon of being her
father for some time.
then sent to earth by the trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh and in this
avatar of Katyayani, daughter of Katyaya, that she destroyed the demon Mahishasur.
After she killed him her fierce persona got another name of Mahishasurmardini
or the one who killed Mahishasur. She is often depicted with flowing hair,
fierce expressions and golden complexion in this form, used commonly in Durga
Puja.On Durga Pooja, one can see never-ending queues of devotees waiting
patiently for their turn to ask for the blessings of the Goddess.
According to the popular belief, tying a
thread on the tree inside the complex of Chattarpur Mandir fulfils one’s
wishes. The architecture of the Chattarpur Temple is typically of the Chola and
Chalukya style but without the Gopuram (or the decorated entrance door) but the
Vimana or the pyramidical tower is richly adorned with naqqashi and jaali work
all over the façade. Some of the sanctums like of Mahishasurmardini are opened
only during special days like Purnima (full moon days) and Navratri. During
Navratris the crowds throng here with great fervor and the daily footfall
reaches up to 10 million and around 2 million are fed free of cost. There is a
Satsang hall with a seating capacity of a 1000 people, a museum dedicated to
the creator of the temple and lush green lawns.
The History of Chatturpur Temple blends as the
birth of Katyayani who is the sixth form of incarnation of Ma Durga and has got
an interesting story behind it. Once upon a time Ma Durga was born to Sage
Katyaya who worshipped her and underwent severe penance to be granted the boon
of being her father for sometime.
Maa Durga was then sent to earth by the
trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh and in this avatar of Katyayani, daughter
of Katyaya, that she destroyed the demon Mahishasur. After she killed him her
fierce persona got another name of Mahishasurmardini or the one who killed
Mahishasur. She is very often depicted with flowing hair, fierce expressions
and golden complexion in this form, used commonly in Durga Puja. It is
said that tying a holy thread or a bangle on the Kalpavriksha tree (also called
Baobab tree/ Adonsonia digitata) fulfils your wish. You must come after you
wish fulfillment to untie the thread or the bangle.
The Chattarpur Temple remains crowded during
most days of the year, but exceptional crowd of devotees would be seen during
Durga Puja and Navaratri. Moreover, during Navratris as many as 10 million
people or more reach here from far and wide with great devotion to take a
glimpse of the deity, to pray, and to fulfil their wishes. This is the time of
the year when special bus services are provided to the devotees to make it easy
for them to reach Chattarpur Temple. The Chattarpur Temple is also named
as Shree Adya Katyayani Shaktipeeth Temple. As per Hindu customs, before
entering the temple, it is mandatory to take off one's shoes and wash their
hands and feet.
Prayers and discourses are the regular feature
of the temple, which can be attended by anybody. However, the festival of
Navratri is celebrated with great enthusiasm and the whole temple is very
beautifully decorated and also many Hindu festivals are celebrated by the
Chattarpur Temple Delhi.
Near Chattarpur Metro Station,
New Delhi, Delhi 110074