BANNER 3

Goshalas


cow1

About Cow

In the religion of Hinduism, the animal called a “cow” is thought to be sacred, or very holy. Among the Dashavataras of Lord Vishnu, the first three viz, Matysa (fish), Kurma (turtle), Varaha (pig), are not generally regarded as sacred and fish and pig are part of diet for some of the Hindus. The turtle is an endangered species and is illegal to possess or kill a turtle in India but are also traded illegally.
Most Hindus respect the cow for her gentle nature which represents the main teaching of Hinduism, non-injury (ahimsa). The bull is generally abandoned to starve to death. The cow also represents ghee and strength. The cow is very honoured in society, and most upper caste Hindus does not eat beef (cow meat). However, lower caste poor Hindus have been consuming beef in Indian sub-continent.
By honouring this gentle animal (living thing that is not a plant) that gives more than it takes, Hindus honor all creatures and do take on hinsa if any other human tries to kill or eat the sacred cow. The cow was possibly revered because Hindus relied heavily on it for dairy products and for tilling the fields, and on cow dung as a source of fuel and fertilizer. Cow urine, one glass every morning, is supposed to cleanse the body of all hard minerals. Urine also acts as a spermicide if the woman washes her womb with it after intercourse; hence it forms part of punch-amrit. Upanishads also mention of “gomutra” consumptions for men for 60 days before intercourse to bear a male child. Thursday, the cow’s status as a ‘caretaker’ led to identifying it as an almost maternal figure (hence the term gau mata). In the olden day’s cattle being limited to select few fortunate folks, the cows enjoyed the status that gold or money enjoys today.

Role: Yun of cow is of great importance in the world, but to be talked about in the context of India since ancient times has been the backbone of the Indian economy. Whether it be a case of milk or the bulls in farm work. In Vedic times, the number of cows was the standard of individual prosperity. This is very useful because cattle domestic animal.

Utility: Cow’s milk is very nutritious. This diet is considered to be very useful for the sick and children. Also, many dishes are made from milk. Yogurt, cheese, butter and ghee. Cow’s ghee and cow urine is also used to make many Ayurvedic medicines. The best fertilizer for crops is cow dung. After the death of cow, it’s leather, bone and horn parts are used for making of many items.
Compared to other livestock cow’s milk is very useful. Children are especially advised to drink cow’s milk or buffalo milk. The cow’s milk maintains in children’s versatility. It is believed the baby buffalo (para) falls asleep after drinking milk, the calf after drinking its mother’s milk start jumping.
The cow is not just useful for people in their life after death, but every part of his body is useful. Cow’s leather, horn, hoof is used to prepare daily vital goods. Finished compost is used for cultivation of cow bones.

Body Composition: A cow’s body consist of a mouth, two eyes, two ears, four udder, two horns, two nostrils, and four feet. Cow’s tail is longer and has a bunch of hair on his side, which he takes in the work of blow flies etc. There are a few species of cow horns.

The major breeds of cows: Cows are simply of so many breeds, but in India mainly Sahiwal (Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar), song (South Kathiawad), Tharparkar (Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, RAW), Karan Fry ( Rajasthan), etc. Jersey cow in the breed is popular overseas. This cow gives more milk. Cow has several colors such as white, black, red, brown and brindle. Indian cow is small, while the foreign cow’s body is little heavy.

Categorisation:

  • Dairy Cows.
  • Abandoned Cows and their male progeny.
    – Old, Used, and dried up Cows.
    – Cows yielding insufficient milk to be commercially viable.
    – Cows not allowing milking.
    – Emasculated male progeny, used for ploughing the agri-fields and load bearing in the days gone-by, now serving no commercial purpose and in the present act as financial burden for the Owners.
    – Non-emasculated male progeny, are regularly abandoned, as Owners opt for insemination artificial or otherwise with the objective of increasing milk yield.

The religious significance of the cow in India: In India the cow is worshipped in as goddess status. It is believed that 33 million cows in the body is the abode of the gods. That is why the second day of Diwali Govardhan Puja is a special venetration for the cows and the peacock feathers are used to make up etc.
In ancient India, the cow was considered a symbol of prosperity. During the war, gold jewellery cows were looted. The cows were in a state where it is considered to be more prosperous. Who does not know the love of Krishna cow. Therefore His name is Gopal.

Conclusion: Overall, the cow is very important to human beings. Even if the cow is the backbone of the rural economy. Unfortunately, the way cities are using polythene and it is thrown, cows eat it and die prematurely. In this direction will have to seriously consider all of our ‘faith’ and ‘economy’ is to rescue the symbol progeny.

Importance of Cow

  • Cow is the only creature on earth, which takes in oxygen and also releases oxygen.
  • Go Mutra (cow urine) contains potassium, sodium, nitrogen, phosphate, urea and uric acid.
  • While giving milk, the lactose in cow milk increases which is good for heart diseases.
  • Burning cow dung cakes kill insects, mosquitoes and bad smell.
  • Drinking Go Mutra on empty stomach in the morning cures cancer.
  • Cow dung contains vitamin B-12 in profusion. It even absorbs radioactive rays.
  • Caressing Gomata daily for 15 to 20 minutes can cure blood pressure.
  • The sattvik waves emanating from the cow cleanse the surroundings of every impurity.
  • The sattvik waves emanating from the cow cleanse the surroundings of every impurity.
  • The mowing of the cows and their calves cure one of mental imbalances and destroys other diseases.
  • Cow and Agriculture:From time immemorial, India has been an agrarian country and the cow has been the backbone of our agriculture. When fertilizers and tractors were unknown, cow was the only source sustaining the entire agriculture. Agriculture would not have been possible without cows.
  • Food security is most important for every country:Every country must reduce its dependence on external sources for its basic need- food. An important part of food security is that all the inputs should be locally available and cheap. Only a cow can ensure this. The entire agricultural inputs are provided by the cow. Bull power ensures ploughing and transportation. Absolutely no dependence on any external source. Consider a scenario where due to a natural calamity or international strife, oil cannot be imported for one month. There will be absolute chaos in all spheres. While we can survive the impact on other sectors, can we afford a failure in agriculture? We cannot afford to miss an agricultural season. The entire agricultural operations will come to a stand still and the food prices will soar leading to civil strife.
    Every country must reduce its dependence on external sources for its basic need- food. An important part of food security is that all the inputs should be locally available and cheap. Only a cow can ensure this. The entire agricultural inputs are provided by the cow. Bull power ensures ploughing and transportation. Absolutely no dependence on any external source. Consider a scenario where due to a natural calamity or international strife, oil cannot be imported for one month. There will be absolute chaos in all spheres. While we can survive the impact on other sectors, can we afford a failure in agriculture? We cannot afford to miss an agricultural season. The entire agricultural operations will come to a stand still and the food prices will soar leading to civil strife.
  • Cow and Health: Cow is the best source for health.The solution lies in switching to organic foods and there is no organic farming without a Cow. Only the cow based agriculture can ensure healthy, wholesome food and reduce the incidence of diseases especially cancer.
    Cow has been the basis of Indian agriculture for centuries. Cow urine (Gomutra) and Cow dung ( Gomaya) along with other organic wastes have been the main agricultural inputs for centuries In those times we did not have the kind of diseases we have today .
    Organic farming is the only way forward for healthy living.
    Let us act and reclaim our good health which is rightfully ours.
  • Cow and Medicines: All the products – Milk, curd, ghee, Mutra and Gomaya- from Indian breed cows have medicinal and curative properties and have been the basis for Panchagavya system of Ayurvedic medicines. This system has been in use for several centuries but has been lost in the last several decades in view of the importance given to Allopathy. The general apathy towards the cow also contributed to the limited use of Panchagavya medicines.
    Of late there has been a revival of interest in this system since allopathic medicines have several and severe side effects .They are also very costly and beyond the reach of large sections of society.
    Panchagavya medicines are highly effective and have no side effects.
  • Cow and Energy: The entire agriculture and rural transportation can be based on cows. This will hugely reduce our oil imports, save Billions of dollars and also insulate our agriculture from oil related threats and inflation.
    The entire agriculture and rural transportation can be based on cows. This will hugely reduce our oil imports, save Billions of dollars and also insulate our agriculture from oil related threats and inflation.
    Gobar gas based electricity plants will be able to produce clean electricity for use locally saving on big transmission networks and transmission losses.
    All this without affecting our environment.
    In addition we get whole some, clean, disease free food.
    We have the best available alternative in the cow. We must realize this and act.

Goshalas

The cow was possibly revered because Hindus relied heavily on it for dairy products and for tilling the fields, and on cow dung as a source of fuel and fertilizer. Thus, the cow’s status as a ‘caretaker’ led to identifying it as an almost maternal figure (hence the term gau mata).
Today, in Hindu-majority countries like India and Nepal, bovine milk holds a key part of religious rituals. For some, it is customary to boil milk on a stove or lead a cow through the house as part of a housewarming ceremony. In honor of their exalted status, cows often roam free, even along (and in) busy streets in major cities such as Delhi. In some places, it is considered good luck to give one a snack or fruit before breakfast.

GO SEVA

From the beginning of civilization, human race has been attaining prosperity,happiness, health, prestige and auspiciousness by serving Gomata. The Shastaras are full of the benefit of cow service.In earlier days all most all houses had cows and hence Goseva was an essential part of life. In recent times, in view of the migration to cities, Goseva has not been possible though not forgotten. If this trend continues, there is a danger that Goseva may vanish from our list of duties and our future generations may not even know about this sacred duty. Most of our children may not have even seen a calf. In current times it is not possible to have a cow at home, especially in urban centres. It has therefore become imperative that we create and sustain the interest in Goseva among the people of this and future generations. Therefore there is a need to establish Goshalaas where cows can be maintained in a good environment . This has to be a community effort rather than individual effort.

  • One Family while serving the cows: “It is very important to create awareness; and once it is done, the man power and money will automatically flow. It is a matter of taking initiative by a few people in this direction and therequired resources will come on its own. However, the person who donates money should also participate physically and similarly the one who toils physically should also contribute in whatever manner possible monetarily also. This will ensure total involvement and instead of bifurcation as donor and laborer class they will all come under the aegis of children of “Go Maatha” as a member of the samefamily.
    It is my earnest desire that all Hindus should join united in this effort as a family and also include others to become one big family in a spirit of mutual understanding and cooperation. “Matha Abhimanam” (respect towards religion) may be different in different religions.But all religions are for “Jeeva kaarunya” ( compassion towards the other living beings) and using this, all of us of various religions, must unite and shoulder this responsibility by giving a helping hand”.
    The only option is to do Goseva by taking part in activities to further the cause of cow protection. We must support Goshalaas, physically and monetarily, to the best of our abilities.
  • Real Goseva: We must also create an economic value for the cow by supporting cow based food products and medicines so that automatically the interest of the cow is taken care of.It is the economic value of the cow together with its innate divinity that gave cow the exalted status and made Goseva a way of life. This will actually be the “Real goseva”
Objectives of Goshalass

To preserve the Indian cow and progeny and to breed and upgrade them for supplying plenty of unadulterated milk & milk products to the people & distribute the best female calves to the villagers.

Prepare best pedigree Indian Bulls & supply to villagers for breeding and upgrading village cows. Production of best healthy bullocks for draught works and preserves male calves for distribution to agriculturists.

  • To establish and maintain Goshalas for preserving cows, calves, bovine animals which would prevent slaughter of cows, calves and bovine cattle.
  • To receive and maintain the bovine animals offered by the public.
  • Help them improve their economic condition by creating an opportunity to have subsidiary income through dairy activity or agricultural operations carried out with draught cattle so distributed.
  • To conduct training camps and programme in rural areas to help the rural poor understand the ways and means of maintaining their bovine animals properly, protecting them from diseases and for improving the milk yield cows and the performance of their draught animals.
  • To conduct veterinary health camps in villages located far away from the livestock units (L.S.Us) to treat the bovine cattle suffering from diseases; and extend medical and surgical treatment to the sick animals, free of cost and to vaccinate the bovine cattle against common contagious diseases such as Foot and Mouth disease.
  • To serve as an abode for the holy cattle received as donation / Gosamarpana/Godanam and to maintain them by providing good environment, management, feeding. etc., as a part of Gosamrakshana (or) Cow Protection.
  • The dung obtained from Goshala is being used as compost manure or bio-technical manure so that the organic food grains, fruits, vegetables, milk can be obtained.
  • The cows and bulls live peacefully during the full duration of their lives.
  • To promote among the people love and affection for holy cow and its Virtues.
  • To have great concern for the safety and protection of the cows and to bring about awareness in the society in this regard.
  • To take great care for the conservation of the cows and their progeny.
  • To fight peacefully against the evils to the cows and try to increase their number.
  • To feed the cows with a nutritious diet to keep them healthy. The “Holy Cow is the real wealth of the Nation.
  • To provide a free and unrestricted space to the cows live and feed – suckle – their off-spring and and when needed or desired, without any human intervention or restriction.
  • These cows would not be milked for human consumption.
  • Initial Steps and Framework:
    – Select a Village or a Group of Villages where Cultivation has been almost given up.
    – To provide a shelter for cows.
    – To provide grazing facilities for the cows in natural surroundings an in a natural manner.
    – To motivate and convince the Residents of these villages to permit grazing on their land and land under their care.
    – To assist the interested residents to establish fruit bearing orchards on their lands so that the lands could simultaneously yield income for the land-owners and serve as grazing fields for the cows.
    – To assist the interested residents to establish fruit bearing orchards on their lands so that the lands could simultaneously yield income for the land-owners and serve as grazing fields for the cows.
    – Where the land-holder is currently cultivating the land which yields agri/horti produce to the land-holder, and such agri/horti produce is likely to suffer damage on account of grazing, provide monetary compensation to such land-holders.
    – Where the land-holder is currently cultivating the land which yields agri/horti produce to the land-holder, and such agri/horti produce is likely to suffer damage on account of grazing, provide monetary compensation to such land-holders.
Miracles of Cow Service

  • If one hasdarshan of Gomata, worships, bows down, circumambulate Gomata, caresses her, feeds her or offers her water then he attains many powers (siddhis).
  • One who serves Gomata gets his wishes fulfilled soon.
  • It is believed that all deities, sages, and the river Ganga reside in the body of Gomata, hence serving her means serving all deities.
  • Bowing down to Gomata means attaining all four Purusharthas, namely dharma, artha, Kama, Moksha. Hence those who want to remain happy and contented should serve Gomata.
  • The sages tell that cow service is the first and the foremost dharma.
  • If one has darshan of Gomata first thing in the morning then his day becomes auspicious.
  • If one has darshan of Gomata before going on a journey then his journey is auspicious.
  • Wherever cows live, the environment becomes pure. Hence rearing cows is a noble cause.
  • Lord Vishnu also becomes happy with cow service. The devotees of Gomata obtain Heaven easily.
  • Lord Vishnu also becomes happy with cow service. The devotees of Gomata obtain Heaven easily.
  • Getting of boons by serving Gomata: Those who serve Gomata with complete devotion, the Gomata give him a special boon.
  • Getting of boons by serving Gomata: Those who serve Gomata with complete devotion, the Gomata give him a special boon.
  • The Land becomes pure: The land where a group of cows sit and breathe in an out becomes pure and devoid of any impurities.
  • Cow Service – the Biggest Pilgrimage: Indra says that all pilgrimages are within the cow. One who respects the cow and bows before her receives good karma equivalent to three days ablutions in all the pilgrimages.
How beneficial is feeding grass to the cows

The good karma that is earned by bathing at pilgrimages, by feeing the Brahmins, by keeping fasts, by doing penance, by engaging in charity, by worshipping the Lord, by circumambulation the entire globe, by studying all the Vedas and by performing all the Yajnas; the intelligent people attain this good karma by just feeding the cow.

6 things to get along in this World

  • Lord Vishnu, Ekadashi Fast, the Ganga, Tulsi (Basil plant), Brahmin and the Sacred cow – these six makes one get through this world.
  • Auspicious: The home which has a cow and its calf is lucky. All its problems end and only good things happen there. And the home which does not even have one cow then how can it hope for good things, and how can it hopes that its problems will go away.
  • Auspicious: The home which has a cow and its calf is lucky. All its problems end and only good things happen there. And the home which does not even have one cow then how can it hope for good things, and how can it hopes that its problems will go away.
  • Cow Worship is Vishnu Worship: Lord Vishnu tells this to Indra that a man who worships the Ashwath tree, his Guru and Gomata is considered to be worshipping all deities, asuras and human beings too. I accept any worship offered by him as something directly offered to me.
  • Godhuli (the dust kicked up by the hooves of the cow) destroys sin: The dust kicked up by the hooves of Gomata (cow) destroys all sin.
  • These four are the same: Reading the Bhagwat daily, contemplating on the God daily, watering and taking care of the Tulsi and serving the cow are considered good deeds of equal merit.

SHASTRA ABOUT COW PROTECTION

Namo brahmanya-devaya go-brahmana-hitaya ca
Jagad-dhitaya krishnaya govindaya namo namah॥

“My Lord, You are the well-wisher of the cows and the brahmanas, and you are the well-wisher of the entire human society and the world.” (Vishnu Purana 1.19.65)

Five thousand years ago, the Supreme Personality of Godhead appeared to perform many pastimes here on earth. He spent much of His youth herding the calves and cows of Vrindavan. About 4,500 years later, Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu appeared in Mayapur Dham. Since He was Krsna Himself in the mood of Radharani, His greatest devotee, He was especially merciful to all living entities, and also had deep love for the cows. The following verses are from Chaitanya-charitamrita (Madhya 17.194-196): “When Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu passed through Vrindavan, herds of grazing cows saw Him and immediately surrounding Him, began to moo very loudly. Seeing the herds approach Him, The Lord was stunned with ecstatic love. The cows began to lick His body out of great affection. Becoming pacified, Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu began to caress the cows, and the cows, being unable to give up His Company, went with Him.”

Lord Chaitanya, being Krishna Himself, told an astrologer: “In My last birth, I was born in the family of cowherd men, and I gave protection to the calves and cows. Because of such pious activities, I have now become the son of a brahmana.”

Lord Chaitanya, being Krishna Himself, told an astrologer: “In My last birth, I was born in the family of cowherd men, and I gave protection to the calves and cows. Because of such pious activities, I have now become the son of a brahmana.”

The Gomati-vidya by Parasurama says: “Wherever the thirsty cow drinks water from, that body of water is as good as the Ganga, Yamuna, Sindhu, or Sarasvati. In the body of the cows, all holy places and rivers are present. Lakshmidevi resides in cow dung. Simply by the cow’s touch and sight, she purifies all living entities. Among all purified objects, she is most pure, and among all auspicious objects, she is the most auspicious.”

RULES OF GOSHALA

PRESERVATION AND PROPAGATION: A bull’s and cow’s family history is first studied before mating begins to ensure good pedigree. Near delivery time pregnancies are closely monitored.

FEEDING: Cows are fed thrice a day. Fixed meals of fresh and dry fodder, gram husk, and mineral supplements are served to them in their sheds. They are let out mid-morning for grazing.

MILKING: Cows are milked twice a day: at dawn and dusk. This is also the time when the young get a drink from their mothers. Milk is distributed in the ashram.

ELECTRICITY (GO GREEN): Production of biogas (methane) from cow dung for meeting energy needs.

GUIDED TOURS FOR VISITORS: Visitors are provided information regarding the different breeds of Indian cows and their material and spiritual benefit to society. Visitors with extra time may offer a helping hand by grooming cows and cleaning sheds.

SEVA OR SELFLESS SERVICE: Jaina dharma believes the Indian cow, houses the entire panorama of gods and goddesses. Cow seva (caring for the cows) is considered one of the highest forms of seva. Brushing cows is one of the seva activities open to visitors.

OTHER ACTIVITIES IN ART OF LIVING GOSHALA: Bathing cows, cleaning sheds and open enclosures, inspecting cows for injuries and ailments, and attending to the medical needs of the cows.