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Janaki Mandir (Janakpur, Nepal)

About

Janaki Mandir is a Hindu temple of Janakpur in Mithila region of Nepal, dedicated to the Nepalese goddess Sita. It is the primary temple of Maithali native indigenous to Nepal. It is an example of ‘Hindu-Rajput’ Nepali architecture. It is often considered the most important model of Rajput architecture in Nepal. Fully built in bright white and constructed in an area of 4,860 sq. feet in a mixed style of Islamic and Rajput domes, the temple is 50 meters high. It is a three-storied structure made entirely of stone and marble. All its 60 rooms are decorated with the flag of Nepal, colored glass, engravings and paintings, with beautiful lattice windows and turrets. According to legends and epics, King Janak ruled this area (called Videha) during the Ramayana period. His daughter Janaki (Sita), during her swyambar, had chosen Lord Rama as her husband, and become queen of Ayodhya. There marriage ceremony had occurred in the nearby Temple.

The temple is popularly known as the Nau Lakh Mandir (meaning Nine Lakhs). The cost for the construction of the temple was about the same amount of money: Rupees Nine Lakhs or Nine Hundred Thousands and hence the name. Government of Kingdom of Nepal and Queen Vrisha Bhanu – of Tikamgarhm, India provided aid to Gurkha Soldier General Amar Singh Thapa to build the temple in 1910 AD. In 1657, a golden statue of the Goddess Sita was found at the very spot, and Sita is said to have lived there. The legend had it that it was built on the holy site where Sannyasi ‘Shurkishordas Nepali had found the images of Goddess Sita. In fact, Shurkishordas was the founder of modern Janakpur and the great saint and poet who preached about the Sita Upasana (also called Sita Upanishad) philosophy. Legend has claimed it that King Janak (Seeradhwaj) performed the worship of Shiva-Dhanus on this site.

One of the 52 legendary Shakti Peethas is located at Mithila (near Janakpur station) Darbhanga on the border of Bihar, India- Nepal. According to the Hindu mythology, it is whispered that Devi Sati’s “Left Shoulder”fell here. The main idols of this legendary divine place are Devi as “Mahadevi or Uma” and Lord Shiva as “Mahodar” (a brave one). The holy place is dedicated to Goddess Durga. The place is known for the other histories present in the great holy epic Ramayana of Hindus. Since Janakpuri is known as the birth place of Sita Mata (Wife of lord Rama) and her father, the famous king of Janak used to rule this region. The people have a wrong conception of believing the Janki madir as the popular Shakti peeth. An ancient Shakti temple at this place is also known as Sona mai mandir. Mithilachal is also known as Durgasthan or the place for Devi Bhagavati.

Mithila Shakti Peeth is an important shakthi peeth where Devi Sati’s left shoulder (Vama Skandha) has fallen. Here Devi Sati is worshipped as Uma Devi or Mahadevi and Lord Bhairav as Mahodar. Mithila Shakti Peeth is situated in Mithila (near Janakpur station), Darbhanga on the border of Bihar, India- Nepal. The rail road connectivity to Janakpur which is the nearest railway station is good.
The temple is well connected by bus from Darbhanga. The nearest airport is from Patna. There is also a temple of Devi Janaki near the Shakthi Peeth. The idols of goddess Uma Devi and Lord Mahodar are located in a temple on a mountain rock. The temple which represents a fort is a white colour structure having four minar type towers. There is also a colour fountain in front of the temple which is one of the tourist attractions. Mithila is the birth place of Sita Devi.

Mithila Shakti Peeth is among the 51 Shakti Peeth of Maa Sati. It is said that, the left shoulder of Maa Sati fell here, when lord Vishnu in order to relieve lord Shiva from grief of losing his wife Sati, used his ‘Sudarshan Chakra’ to incise maa Sati Body. Then, at the place of fall of left shoulder, this temple was constructed. Mithila Shakti Peeth is situated in Mithila (near Janakpur station), in Bihar, India. Here the idol of Maa Sati is called as ‘Mahadevi or Uma’ and the lord Shiva is worshipped as ‘Mahodar’. The idols of Lord Shiva and Maa sati is situated on mountain rock and so does the temple. Near to this Shakti Peeth famous Janaki Devi temple is also there.

Looking from a far distance, temple is no less than a fort, with white color structure and four ‘minar’ type tower embedded in to the structure, and it looks really adorable. Just in front of the temple there is a small fountain that looks fantastic in night when light falls on it. There is a wide door (around 30 m high) to enter in to the temple and it is more of Taj Mahal like gate. All around the temple ample amount of greenery is there.
History of this place is very unique. Earlier it was a single part, which were Awadh, now Bihar and Nepal. Maa Sita (Wife of lord Rama) born here and her father, the famous king of Janak used to rule this region. History to this place dates back in the time when it is said that the Left Shoulder of Maa Sati fell to this place. Best information about the origin and the formation of this temple, people can mingle with local people.

Mithila Shakti Peeth is the place where it is believed that Devi Sati’s left shoulder (Vama Skandha) fell. Here, Devi Sati is worshipped as Uma Devi or Mahadevi and Lord Bhairav as Mahodar. Mithila Shakti Peeth is situated in Mithila (near Janakpur station), Darbhanga on the border of Bihar, India- Nepal. The rail road is well connected to Janakpur which is the nearest railway station. The temple is well connected by bus from Darbhanga. The nearest airport is from Patna.

There is also a separate temple of Devi Janaki near the Shakthi Peeth. The idols of goddess Uma Devi and Lord Mahodar are placed in a temple over a mountain rock. The temple which represents a fort is a white colour structure having four minar type towers. There is also a colour fountain in front of the temple which is one of the tourist attractions. Mithila is said to be the birth place of Sita. Ram Navami is celebrated with great fervour. Janaki Navami on Vaishaka Shukla Navami (during May) is another festival celebrated with great zeal as well. Shivarathri, Durga Puja, Kali Puja and Holi are the other festivals celebrated in the temple, with Navaratri celebrations during Ashwija masa (Sep- Oct month) and in April.

Timing

All Days of the Week: Opened 6.00 AM and Closed 8.00 PM.

Distance

  • From Delhi it is 1144 KM away.
  • From Mumbai it is 1928 KM away.
  • From Kolkata it is 659 KM away.
  • From Chennai it is 2145 KM away.

Location

Janakpur 45600,
Nepal.